Samantha and I Cristoforetti. How I met on social and interviewed.

Samantha and I Cristoforetti. How I met on social and interviewed.
Inglese: ESA Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti ...
Inglese: ESA Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti from Italy Deutsch: ESA Astronautin Samantha Cristoforetti aus Italien (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
In my book #codognecuoreveneto + Heart Veneto Codognè Treviso came out a few months ago and for sale at the libraries of Conegliano Codognè and at the Pharmacy Toffolo, the newsstand Marion, Tabacchino in the center and the Outlet Vision Goggles, you will find a QR code with the 'interview (in English) made by me at + Samantha Cristoforetti in 2013. I thought to please readers who do not speak English by translating it in full, both in YouTube video + (crecate pious from cin and you'll find it) with subtitles, so as to give to our brothers and sisters deaf can read the interview, both here in the blog. This is the short story of how I met Samantha + Cristoforetti and throughout the interview translated. Good reading and thanks to those who have read and enjoyed the book written with francesca + salvador


It was 2013 and during my sleepless nights I used to spend a few hours at the computer. The "social" was the coolest Google Plus and I have been lucky enough to sign up early and immediately gather several thousand followers. Today I have more than eighty thousand and it is nice to see from the statistics that sends me + CircleCount that are number 23 and number 125 in Italy in Europe.
By chance I noticed that Samantha was present on Google plus and I put it immediately in my circles. Later I sent an email where I asked if I could interview her via video hangout on Google + +. + You Are the Star (for FIVE minutes) (You're the Star to Five Minutes) this was the title of my "program" on Google + + then. I enjoyed a lot to interview people I thought were interesting or simply funny.
A tete a tete, a chat between friends with the support of the free video-togethers that allowed then the presence of fifteen people at the same time.
The program became popular and all users liked to be invited to my interviews because they were quiet and unassuming quality video.
When I asked Samantha agreed to participate by asking, however, the state (through the press office of the ESA), we were only she and I find myself in the video.
Of course I agreed and it was better that way. My initial idea was to have fifteen people saw in the meeting but would be a disaster to manage all these people and at the same time try to do the right questions. Only Samantha and I then, too good.
The timetable was set for an afternoon and the video meeting lasted almost an hour. We decided to speak in English to give the interview a potential wider audience.
When I downloaded the video on Youtube later I created a QR code that I willingly entered in the book "Heart Codognè Veneto" + Heart Veneto Treviso Codognè outgoing January 6, 2014. What centered Samantha and his interview with Codognè is easily explained.
The book was intended to create a link between two generations so close physically and light years away in terms of communication: the generation of our great-grandfathers and fathers, with that of the "native virtual" young people who like to be connected all day and use phones that are called "intelligent" but that if abused make you slightly dazed.
Through the combination of old photos, documents and testimony of wise old men of the village turned into QR codes in the book I intended to create what the friend Pierluca Bonicelli defined with an intelligence "Filò 2.0".
Hence the idea to put together with the other QR codes which contained interviews with various characters typical of the country, the one with the interview with Samantha. The past and the future.
Liked the idea. But when Domenico, a friend of mine pointed out that Codognè unfortunately he did not speak English and was eager to listen to the interview in Italian, I sought to translate the entire interview with the aid of subtitles.
Today, after eight hours of work spread in about ten days, I managed to subtitle the entire interview in Italian, thus giving the opportunity not only to those who do not speak English, but also to the brothers and sisters of deaf people to benefit from this interview which I think is very interesting for the issues addressed and the delicacy of Samantha that still has all my admiration for teaching me a very important lesson.
You, the pilot and captain of fighter aircraft, first woman astronaut in Italy to spend six months as captain of the ISS mission "Future 42" has agreed to answer questions of an unknown user + Google + resident in a small town in the Veneto Eastern and without specific knowledge in the field, armed only with a lot of passion for photography and creative sa.crittura
Truly a great person. I understand when I ask during the interview, "If someone is inspired and who his heroes," I answered this way: "We are all human beings. Everyone teaches someone something. I learned so many things to different people in my life, but I never put anyone in a position (that of the pedestal in fact) which would be inconvenient for anyone. I have no heroes. Only people, human beings who have inspired me and taught me something. "Chapeau + Samantha Cristoforetti beautiful lesson in humility.

Here is the interview in its entirety (47 minutes) as was translated by me with captions on YouTube and downloadable through QR code. I hope it is so pleasing to the reader as it was for me to realize it.

Full text of the interview:
I am truly honored and excited to have here + Samantha Cristoforetti. Will tell us all the details of the mission and his life if he wants. Also hear questions from the audience that is watching streaming.
Welcome + Samantha Cristoforetti how are you today?

I'm fine thanks for invitato.Non wait to answer your questions and those of any of the public who are listening and watching. Welcome everyone.
Thank You.
  Where you are right now + Samantha Cristoforetti? You are in Europe or the United States?

Are in Europe now. I'm sitting in a room of the old European astronauts. In Cologne in Germany where we European astronauts have our base, because when we are not doing the particular evidence in Houston or Moscow is here where we work.

Great! What can you tell us the mission for which you are preparing. What will be the scientific experiments you do there? I only know that it will be in November of 2014, right?

Yes. We are talking about the mission aboard the International Space Station (ISS), and will be what we call "a long-term mission" that will last about six months. Up there I will be part of a crew of six people: two Americans, three Russians and me.
For six months we will take care of the ISS, we will be the hands, the eyes, the ears of the ground crew. We will do all the experiments that scientists around the world have prepared in recent years in view of the mission, and we will be the ones who will see them do in space, in the absence of gravity.

So you will be the one that will make medical and scientific experiments?

Yes. There will be a very wide range of scientific disciplines to demonstrate the reaction of some experiments in what we call "micro-gravity" or which is more commonly called "weightless"
We can see what happens by removing the gravity and this can help a lot in physics experiments that would be impossible because of gravity itself. And then there are things that exist ONLY in micro gravity, such as the effect on the human body. What happens to the body when you are for six months in this state of weightlessness?
We as human beings, indeed, all species on Earth have evolved in Earth's gravity and it is interesting to find out how the body adapts on when removing the severity.
Very interesting!
And this brings me to the next question:
There is a limit to the resistance to the absence of gravity? Those six months are up there you'll spend the maximum limit beyond which you can not 'go or you stay on longer?

Sure. We do not consider those six months the maximum limit of permanence and endurance to the absence of gravity for humans. The problem is that expires the "guarantee" of the ISS.
The Soyuz, which built the spacecraft, ensures the integrity and the perfect completion for only six months and this is the reason of the alternation of us astronauts every six months, because we know that in this period we are safe for return and the vehicle will take us home safely.
In a couple of years, in 2015 there will be two astronauts, one Russian and one American who will stay on for a year intero.Ci will be an alternation of the two capsules in order to bring down the "old" Soyuz after six months. The two astronauts will stop perdue periods and we will see how to react, what happens, although in truth it is not the first time, but now we are able to observe the reactions much better and what happens in terms of physiological and psychological.

Then, the record would be a year?

Yes. It seems to me that the record so far is one year.

How do you prepare you and your crew for an event so importante.Quando begins training..un couple of years before?

Beh..diciamo that you prepare yourself for the space throughout life, because there is so much of yourself that ports, all the experience you have accumulated during your lifetime. But to answer the question more specifically, we enter in the "training" a couple of years before. Also depends greatly on whether you are a veteran ono. If you have already been in space the things you know you need not repeat it completely. Yes, I would say that two years is what it takes to prepare for six months on the ISS.

I suppose you work together as a team and you know very well. Talk about your emotions when you lie? I am convinced that you often find yourself and your expectations with respect to us "soil" are different and we can only imagine what goes through your head and emotionally when you think that you will be screened there. It must be something that moves the whole person emotionally. As you prepare to launch and to all this?

I think there are aspects of life in space that you can not tell them to explain it unless you imagine there is not really in that situation. You can listen to what you tell the other astronauts but it's all very personal, how do you react, the intense moments like those of the launch or the arrival station spaziale.vedere the earth from up there for the first time, fit the micro gravity. All these things have a strong personal component. On the other hand there is the preparation of two years is a long enough period. The purpose of these two years of preparation is to make this experience as familiar as possible in order to avoid surprises. Nothing should be new. This training prepares us for anything that might happen, and when at last you've tried and tried, there is nothing new, it all becomes "normal", "family" after you have tried and tried. But there is nothing that can prepare you to the emotional component, and it is a good thing.

Can you describe what it looks like the ISS? Inside anyway ... how many rooms are there. How do physical exercise at least two hours a day I sentito..come rooms are connected with each loro..come you move ... as you sleep. All things that are on earth, you are able to make them even inside the ISS?

I have a question of a child of ten who asks me what you eat and how you organized your day by flying all the time?

Hmm many good questions here ..
If I move (moves by showing the photo of the ISS behind him) you should see a picture of the ISS. It 'about the size as a football field or American football. It has two entrances, there where you see the solar panels.
It consists of a long series of cylinders and each one can imagine as a room in your house. Are all connected to one another. Imagine the central corridor, a big long corridor that runs from the back to the front. Behind there is the Russian segment. Moving to the center is the laboratory and in the front part of Americana, called "node two," the sides on the outside, like two wings there is the European laboratory "Columbus" and at the end the Japanese.
Towards the center, where the first joint has three cylinders. It 'a knot very important to us because it is them who are the toilets and everyone is interested in this place (laughs amused) no .. you know?
There is also an exercise machine is very important, as is a gym, a small gym at home. There is a complicated machine that has cylinder vacuum that as a vacuum cleaner simulate weight lifting. Of course being in zero gravity there are not weights, but these vacuum cleaners vacuum produce well the effect of weights and allow us to do the exercise we need.
Near the gym there is a beautiful place that is called the "Dome". The beauty of this dome is that it is a set of windows that form a single large window that allows you to see the earth from a horizon all'altro..puoi eyes embrace the whole earth.
Going back in the hallway on the other side, there is another important place: "The air lock". This is the form we use to go out into space, for spacewalks. To get out you have to remove the air from the module, all the air, and then you open the door and go outside. When you return must repressurizzare form by returning the air and call it "air lock". There are two of the ISS. The Russians have one in their section.
Towards the base, to the land we then what is called the "PMM" or "Leonardo". It 'a storage module and has been provided by the space agency Italian, so as you can see there is also a bit' of Italy in space.
What are your hours? E 'already planned all day? You un'orario iron to which you have to obey or programs from time to time as needed?
Yes. We have a "timeline" (time line) and for the astronauts is very important to be in order with this roadmap time and not look back. Which means being able to do all the things that were planned. There is a degree of flexibility during the day: there are things you can interchange with others. Then there are those to do absolutely, very stiff and tight. Such as if you need some support that is available at 12, you have to be available to 12 otherwise you lose the ability to use that media and this is not tolerable.
There are other things that are scheduled to be taken on board with a few months before the start of the mission in order of time by month, week, day. Of course then there may be unforeseen. Everything is planned in short few months before partenza.Tutto what has to happen in that mission and work month after month, week after week, and of course things can change, they can break. Maybe do not go as fast as you thought.
On land there are some people, the "planners" who take care of contingencies and adjust the roadmap.
That'S Interesting !!

What if someone feels bad. How do you do? Is there a doctor on the ISS? You are also prepared to deal with medical emergencies?

Can 'be sometimes a doctor in the crew, some astronauts are.
In our expedition there will be a doctor but we always have at least two crew members who are skilled as medical crew. I will be one of the two. We are preparing for any eventuality emergency, but also to make small medical operations. More than to be doctors are prepared to be nurses and we do what we could do one of them, then in any case there is always a doctor on the ground and if something really bad happens we will work under his leadership.

A bit 'like trying to fly a plane from the ground as seen in certain films ..?

We have an intensive training to do these operations. Especially true emergencies such as if someone needs CPR. We are preparing a lot and the Hooke must be fast. We have a CPR station always active so you can do it very quickly if necessary.

Your food is? In small boxes or you can eat a plate of spaghetti that I know, a pizza ... how do you do?

My colleague Luca Parmitano that will be in space in a few months will have on board lasagna, risotto with pesto, tiramisu. I tried them, are really good, almost like freshly cooked food. But this is a special food that has been prepared in small quantities for him.
Usually there are, I think sixteen rotating menu. So for sixteen days have always something new to eat every day. The seventeenth day all over again and so on.
We mainly American food and Russian food. The ESA also allows us to have Italian food as I have just explained.
Normally it is contained in the bags, is deitratato. Can 'be rehydrated at room temperature or with hot water and each bag has instructions that will indicate how much water to put, because you have to wait. Just follow the instructions and you have a tasty dish or a full meal.
Other foods are pockets termostabilizzate. You put them in a small oven that we carry dietro.Sembra a small briefcase. Put inside the bag for a number of minutes, depending on how hot you prefer and is ready to be eaten.
Some foods are in their natural form as the snacks or cookies that are packaged individually and form are very similar to those of the supermarket. These are the main types of food. Occasionally we get fresh food when a new vehicle with provisions, there may be the fresh food but should be eaten immediately because there is no possibility to set it aside or put it in a freezer.
These are the small gifts we receive from the ground from time to time.

How you dress on board? You can dress casual as you want or need to dress in a certain way with the special suits?

The clothes are standard. Before flying there are types of clothing available and then one can decide whether to bring more long pants or shorts, or more t shirts. If one is suffering from the cold maybe can 'have a sweater or two more. There is flexibility in the decision based on personal standards.

I think the board temperature is kept constant from the air conditioning it? The energy that you need comes from the solar panels?

They are fully self-sufficient and "green" in the station. All energy comes from solar panels and of course we need a planning and management that deals with this aspect.
We have people on the ground that checks that there is an optimum balance of energy; that we do not consume more than they produce with solar panels. Typically does not happen, but it could happen.

How do you do with the garbage ...... As you destroy it ... with chemicals? Everything that is thrown insomma..come do?

This is another very important aspect; dispose of garbage is a very important thing.
In railway vehicles arrive with the material: there is one Russian, Japanese, American and European vehicle Dragon. They are called Progress, HTV and the vehicle automated European transport. Serve to supply the ISS materials they need in six months.
All of these modules can also serve as scavengers, in fact, to return, to the contact with the atmosphere will burn and disintegrate. For this before you send them back to the land fill them with everything we want and throw everything is disintegrated with the module in contact with the atmosphere.

I have a question is Hearing. What kind of media attention you've had since the first Italian woman astronaut to spend six months on the ISS?

There was a bit 'of attention from the media certainly when I was selected and assigned to the mission's all. (laughs).

It 'a few scheduled spacewalk? As you prepare to this event?

I would love to but I do not know. This type of planning is done later on. The details discussed in the time (we are in 2013 during the interview) now missing too much time to be able to know with certezza.Dipende if need be of the walk or if you will be assigned to this mission. There is also the possibility of a walk is not expected and this also happened in previous missions many times already.
Of course things can break, and we find ourselves in the situation of having to go out to repair them without being able to know in advance. And 'what we call "A walk contingent EVA" as opposed to "A walk planned EVA" EVA stands for Extra Vehicular Activity (Extra Vehicular Activity). The technical name for a spacewalk.

So for you it would be a beautiful thing. The thing that you like to do it at least once in your life?
Sure. I would love to try it but we'll see.
If that happens we'll know for sure!

It takes charge of the photos from up there? There is an astronaut assigned to this specific activity or anyone can 'do the photos?
During the walk?
No..durante the entire mission.
There is someone entirely dedicated to snap photos or do whatever tickles your fancy. How does this work?
It astronauts are free to take all the photos that believe, in fact there are many cameras on board and usually we also bring our personal. Some of us do a lot of photos, some not, depends on the preferences. One can 'do of course all the pictures you want.
Then there are the photos that we do for the "Community Earth observation" They establish the "photographic targets" who show us every day and tell us, "When you pass over the target if the weather conditions allow it snaps this photo and ... give us geographical indications "of the god to this we are free to take all the photos we want.

Now the question of a child of ten, classmate of my daughter.
You have the perception of day or night?

The days and nights pass quickly up there. The ISS goes around the earth in 90 minutes, then every hour and a half you do a full tour of the planet and have a sunrise and a sunset. Obviously within the station do not live a day 90 minutes, would be extremely difficult. The crew follows a normal 24-hour rhythm based on Greenwich time. The day normally starts around 8 am with a conference with the earth. Then during the day (calculated to 24 hours) will keep the lights on and then turn off simulating the night inside in this way.

How fast travels the ISS if he can circumnavigate the globe in 90 minutes? And 'fast !!

A twenty-eight miles per hour!

There is no perception of speed up there right?
No..a unless you hit something ... then you would have a very good perception. If you do not hit anything, everything OK.

This suggests to me another question: Is there a chance that you hit a meteorite? It 'happened lately in Russia; a meteor shower hit Russia causing a lot of damage.

E 'extremely unlikely. If there was the imminence of a meteor impact with the controls to alter the earth's orbit planning a maneuver to avoid their impact.
What happens instead is the impact of continuous micro meteorites; small particles that collide with the ISS at very high speed. All elements of the pressurized Station have a protective shield anti micro meteors. We hope that never fail to make inroads in the shields and puncture the station.
One of the emergency scenarios for which we prepare is called "depresurizzazione rapid" in case that the ISS loses pressure quickly. We are also prepared to face a situation like this.

How far you are from the earth?
Not really so lontani..siamo 400 kilometers. And 'what we technically call "Low Orbit Earth".
Another question from a child: How do you see the moon up there?
O mars?
I do not know ... I've never been so far. Know 'answer once you arrive there?

You'll travel between the moon and the earth as in a hallway? As you will see when the moon orbits around the Earth? position of the moon will also be determined from the current position of the ISS
A question from my daughter Aurora, ten years.
Hello Aurora!
He wants to know when you heard the desire to become an astronaut.

When did the passion for the space?

I think I was the youngest of Aurora. I was very young and I have always told my wanted to be an astronaut as a child.
This is a story common to us all astronauts, we wanted to do it forever. The majority of us have always had this dream.
It 'something that grows inside you when you are a child and develops into what you are today.

What is your dream as an astronaut? The thing you want to do really. Your point of arrival. What you hope and expect for the future?

 In the medium term considering my mission I'd have the opportunity to stroll spaziale.Non are very original in this desire, we all dream of astronauts to do it one day. If we consider the long-term, my dream would be to go into space on a mission beyond low Earth orbit.

How does the space station to her place in space? What keeps it or float in space?

The station is in orbit and becomes like a satellite.come the moon in a certain modo.Quando six at some distance from the earth, if you have a constant speed, what is called "speed orbiting", stay on that circle and continue to turn around. Imagine being on a tall building 400 kilometers and be a very strong person and I could take the train and launch it. At one point cadremme on earth. Retry giving it more strength; will fall further ... and so forth, until the speed that you give them you will make it back to the shoulders, after one full turn, then make another round etc ... This means being in orbit. It 'a little' simplified ... Actually the altitude of the ISS there are residues of residual atmosphere atmospheric molecules and this creates a bit of residual friction. This is a factor that slows down the train, even if only slightly. Periodically must then restore the speed of orbit and return it at the top, the desired altitude. I was clear enough?

Sure certo..un bit as the game that I did as a child. A stone tied to a string; I did spin and the string was stretched by impressing the rock a constant rotation that continued until it slowed down the motion circulatory or braked suddenly.

Si..più something like this.

  Who inspired you in life and what are your heroes?

I do not so..non heroes that come to mind. I had so many people that I admired and listened but no one to put in the pedestal as eroe.Cerco to learn something from everyone. Everyone has something that can inspire you and you can take with te.siamo all human.
I think not put anyone on a pedestal is an act of kindness towards them, because the pedestal is to Tuutti a very awkward position. We are all just human beings.

  How can the ISS adjust its position as there is no friction in space?
How do you correct the position to need without the clutch that air exerts such as on airplanes when you have to change altitude?

The ISS is provided with small thrusters on the whole surface. According to those we turn we can give to the station in the right direction.

During the day, you have free time?

We do different things, depending on the aspiration that everyone has ... Some make photos, others watch a movie, read a book or others go to the gym. Others make experiments. We have a screening program called "Science Voluntary" where we can offer our free time to do more scientific experiments or our personal experiments or some demonstration of physical effects in the absence of gravity.
We can call home or anyone through our phone. We do video conferences with family where we can see the family in the face and they can see us. These are the things we can we can not sleep ..

The next question is a little 'personal, you can not help but respond if you do not want .. Are you married? Do You Have Children?

Usually I do not answer questions about personal ... but I can tell you that I have no children ... just so.

How do you see the future of space exploration?
Do you think we will go on other Mars for example?
I heard recently of a draft "colonization of Mars"
How do you see the future in space?

I think the best way is to imagine how we will be between 500 years and think about how we will be then. If we do that it becomes difficult to imagine us, the human civilization in this future time still "forced" to live only in our beautiful but small pianeta.Penso is one thing that we all instinctively perceive and that the future will be an extension of the way and the place in which we live today. Assuming that this is true is just a matter of taking steps in this direction. The ISS is really a good start in this direction, because it means that in the last twelve years we have had the humans into orbit. We have learned to operate in orbit, space, permanently, with an international effort which is the ISS not only by a complex engineering point of view, but also from a rational point of view as it is part of an international effort, and it is this that makes us stronger.